These wide-ranging technical reports provide clients with leading information to develop their expertise within their businesses.
Low Voltage Design
|Understanding Earth Fault Loop Impedance|
Develop a better understanding for performing the electrical design calculations.
|PDF (397 kb)|
|Economic and Energy Efficient Cable Sizing|
Economic cable sizing equations and examples are provided in this paper.
|PDF (268 kb)|
High Voltage Cable Design
|Derating for Cable Crossings|
Derating of buried cables which cross with heat sources and other cables.
|PDF (328 kb)|
|High Voltage Power Cable Ratings|
Review of factors affecting power cable ratings using Cable High Voltage Software.
|PDF (857 kb)|
|Magnetic Fields from High Voltage Power Cables|
Magnetic field calculations and the factors affecting magnetic fields. The recommended safe limits are presented.
|PDF (452 kb)|
|Emergency and Cyclic Ratings of HV Power Cables|
The transient emergency and cyclic ratings of cables to IEC Standards are presented.
|PDF (717 kb)|
|Cable Arrangements for Reduced Magnetic Field|
Provides optimised phasing arrangements for various single core cable configurations to minimise the magnetic field.
|PDF (705 kb)|
|Automatic Multilayer Soil Modelling for Earthing and Grounding|
How to determine an accurate soil resistivity model.
|PDF (571 kb)|
|Automatic Lightning Protection Design|
Provides the equations using the Rolling Sphere Method.
|PDF (252 kb)|
|Safety Limit Calculations to IEEE and IEC Standards|
Equations for calculating safe touch and step voltage limits.
|PDF (497 kb)|
|Telecomm mobile station|
Use of rods to ensure Rgrid < 5 Ohms.
|PDF (1.44 Mb)|
|Modelling Wind Turbine Earthing in 3D|
Tutorial on how to import and model custom buried earthing systems using SafeGrid Earthing Software.
|PDF (1.27 Mb)|
|Extensive Study of Earthing Grids|
Parametric study of earthing system performance.
|PDF (1.22 Mb)|
|Transmission Line Tower Earthing Analysis using SafeGrid||PDF (592 kb)|
|Number of Meshes Vs Grid Resistance|
Parametric Analysis of Simple Earthing Grids Containing Rods
|PDF (352 kb)|
|Analysis of Grids Containing Rods|
Effects of rods on potential plots and grid resistance investigated.
|PDF (464 kb)|
|Electrical Earthing - Engineering Guide - Use of Rods to Improve Grid Safety|
Use of vertical rods to reduce grid resistance, GPR and improve the safety of earthing grids by reducing step and touch potentials.
|PDF (1.12 Mb)|
|State-of-the-art Review of Wind Turbine Technologies|
This technical report provides detailed information about the steady-state and dynamic behaviour of wind turbine generators.
|PDF (517 kb)|